(1) A home shall be so constructed, arranged, and maintained as to provide adequately for the health,
safety, access and well-being of the residents.
(2) A home shall provide separate and distinct living and sleeping areas;
(a) The living and sleeping areas for a given resident shall be in adjoining wings, units or buildings,
which allow for necessary supervision and assistance by staff.
(b) Openable windows used for ventilation to the outside and exterior doors used for ventilation shall be
screened and in good repair.
(c) Supportive devices, excluding physical restraints, such as handrails and grab bars shall be installed
to enable residents to achieve a greater degree of mobility and safety from falling;
(3) All homes shall provide an area for use by residents and visitors which affords privacy.
(4) There must be at least one centrally located living room for the free access to and informal use of
(5) At least one current calendar and working clock shall be placed in the common living area of each
(6) Living rooms must be large enough to accommodate the residents without crowding. The rooms
must be comfortably and attractively furnished, well heated, lighted, ventilated and clean.
(7) A comfortable dining area adequate in size for the number of residents being served shall be
(8) The home shall provide a means of locked storage for any resident’s valuables or personal
belongings, upon request.
(9) A living room, dining room, hallway, or other room not ordinarily used for sleeping shall not be used
for sleeping by residents, family or staff.
(10) A home shall provide laundering facilities on the premises for residents’ personal laundry.
(11) The following minimum standards for resident bedrooms must be met:
(a) Bedrooms shall have at least 80 square feet of usable floor space per resident. Usable floor space
is defined as that floor space under a ceiling at least seven feet in height. The following exception applies
to the minimum of 80 square feet of floor space requirement: personal care homes holding permits at the
time of adoption of these Rules may have bedrooms with a minimum of 70 square feet of usable floor
space per resident. The regular floor space requirements must be met if a home falling under this
exception has its permit revoked, changes ownership, changes location, or for any other reason
surrenders its permit to the state.
(b) There shall be no more than four residents per bedroom;
(c) Each bedroom shall have at least one window opening easily to the outside. Bedrooms shall be well
ventilated and maintained at a comfortable temperature;
(d) Spouses shall be permitted, but not required to share a bedroom.
(e) Bedrooms for residents shall be separated from halls, corridors and other rooms by floor to ceiling
walls. Hallways shall be not used for sleeping;
(f) The floor plan shall be such that no person other than the resident assigned to a bedroom should
pass through that resident’s bedroom in order to reach another room;
(g) Doorways of bedrooms occupied by residents shall be equipped with side-hinged permanently
mounted doors equipped with positively latching hardware which will insure opening of the door by a
single motion, such as turning a knob or by pressing with normal strength on a latch. For bedrooms which
have locks on doors, both the occupant and administrator or on-site manager must be provided with keys
to assure easy entry and exit;
(h) A room shall not be used as a bedroom where more than one-half the room height is below ground
level. Bedrooms which are partially below ground level shall have adequate natural light and ventilation
and be provided with two useful means of egress. Control of dampness shall be assured; and
(i) When a resident is discharged, the room and its contents shall be thoroughly cleaned.
(12) The following minimum standards apply to bathroom facilities:
(a) At least one functional toilet and lavatory shall be provided for each four residents and at least one
bathing or showering facility shall be provided for each eight residents living in a home;
(b) At least one toilet and lavatory shall be provided on each floor having residents’ bedrooms;
(c) Grab bars and nonskid surfacing or strips shall be installed in all showers and bath areas;
(d) Bathrooms and toilet facilities without windows shall have forced ventilation to the outside. Bathroom
windows used for ventilation shall open easily;
(e) Toilets, bathtubs and showers shall provide for individual privacy; and
(f) All plumbing and bathroom fixtures shall be maintained in good working order at all times and shall
present a clean and sanitary appearance.
(13) All stairways and ramps shall have sturdy and securely fastened handrails, not less than 30 inches
nor more than 34 inches above the center of the tread. Exterior stairways, decks and porches shall have
handrails on the open sides;
(14) Floor covering shall be intact and securely fastened to the floor. Any hazard that may cause
tripping shall be removed;
(15) All areas including hallways and stairs shall be lighted sufficiently with bulbs of at least 60 watts;
(16) The following exterior conditions must be maintained:
(a) Entrances and exits, sidewalks, and escape routes shall be constantly maintained free of all
impediments to full instant use in the case of fire or other emergency and shall be kept free of any
hazards such as ice, snow, debris or furniture;
(b) A yard area shall be kept free from all hazards, nuisances, refuse and litter;
(c) The home must have its house number or name displayed so as to be easily visible from the street.