(1) Medical Direction and Supervision. The medical care of residents shall be under the direction and supervision of a physician.
(a) Designation of Attending Physician. Upon admission, each resident shall be asked to designate an
attending physician of his or her choice. If the resident is unable to designate an attending physician, or does not
wish to designate an attending physician, the facility shall assist the resident in identifying an attending
physician who will serve the resident. A resident shall be permitted to change the designation of his or her attending
physician at any time. Whenever a resident requires medical attention, an attempt shall first be made to contact the
resident’s attending physician, except in medical emergencies requiring activation of the local EMS system
(911 or another emergency call).
(b) Back-up Physician Support. Each assisted living facility shall have an agreement with one or more
duly licensed physicians to serve in those instances when a resident’s own attending physician cannot be reached, and to provide temporary medical attention to any resident whose attending physician is temporarily not available. A
nurse practitioner or physician’s assistant shall not serve as the back-up physician in an assisted living facility.
(c) All physician orders shall be written in accordance with community standards. If verbal orders are
used, they are to be used infrequently. A physician verbal order shall only be accepted by an RN or LPN employed by
the facility and authorized to do so by facility policy and procedures and state law. All verbal orders shall be
reduced to writing on the physicians’ order sheet by a licensed facility nurse and shall be dated and signed by
the nurse receiving the order. All orders, including verbal orders, shall be dated, timed, and authenticated
promptly by the ordering practitioner, or another practitioner who is responsible for the care of the
resident and authorized to write orders by facility policy. All verbal orders must be authenticated within such time
period as provided by facility policy, but in no case shall exceed 30 days following entry of the order.
(2) Medical Examination Record.
(a) Initial Physical Examination. Not more than 30 days prior to admission of any resident to an assisted
living facility, the resident or prospective resident shall be examined by a physician. For purposes of the initial
physical examination only, a currently licensed physician in good standing with the Medical Licensure Commission of any state may complete this physical assessment. The physician shall report his or her findings in writing to
the facility. In addition to any information otherwise required by the facility’s policies and procedures, and in
addition to any other information the physician recommends or believes is pertinent, the initial physical examination
record shall contain the following:
1. All of the physician’s diagnoses, and the resident’s baseline weight and vital signs.
2. Medication presently prescribed (name, dosage, and strength of drug, frequency, and route of administration).
3. A statement by the physician that the resident is free of signs and symptoms of infectious skin
lesions and diseases that are capable of transmission to other residents through normal resident to resident contact.
4. Documentation of evaluation for tuberculosis within the previous 12 months.
(b) Annual Physical Examination. In addition to the admission physical examination, each resident shall be
examined annually by a physician, and findings from the annual physical examination shall be documented with a copy placed in the resident’s medical examination record. In addition to any other items specified in the facility’s
policies and procedures, and in addition to any information deemed necessary, pertinent, or recommended by the
resident’s attending physician, the annual physical examination shall contain the following:
1. The resident’s weight and vital signs.
2. Changes in diagnoses.
3. Changes in medications prescribed (name, dosage, and strength of drug, frequency, and route of administration).
4. Changes in treatment.
(c) Change of Condition Physician Examinations. Changes in the resident’s condition that require a
physician examination and result in a change in diagnoses, medications, or treatments shall be reported to the
facility and documented in the resident’s medical examination record. In addition to any other items specified in the facility’s policies and procedures, and in addition to any information deemed necessary, pertinent, or
recommended by the resident’s treating physician, this physical examination shall contain a listing of the
1. New diagnoses.
2. Changes in condition.
3. Changes in medications prescribed (name,
dosage, and strength of drug, frequency, and route of
4. Changes in treatment.
(d) Vaccines. Assisted living facilities shall immunize residents in accordance with current recommended
CDC guidelines. Any particular vaccination requirement may be waived or delayed by the State Health Officer in the
event of a vaccine shortage.
(3) Health Supervision.
(a) Initial Assessment. No more than 30 days prior to admission, the facility shall assess prospective
residents for facility eligibility. This assessment shall document identified care needs and serve as a baseline for
(b) Monthly Assessments. The facility shall assess each resident monthly and more often when necessary
to identify changes in resident’s status. In addition to other items that may be required by the facility’s own
policies and procedures, the monthly assessment shall:
1. Assess the resident’s ability to safely self-manage medications or safely self-administer
medications with assistance.
2. Accurately weigh and record the weight of each resident. A significant weight loss is defined as a
five percent or greater weight loss in a period of one month or less, or a seven and a half or greater weight loss
in a period of three months or less, or a ten percent or greater weight loss in a period of 6 months or less. Any
weight loss shall be considered to be an unplanned weight loss unless the affected resident has been placed on a
restricted calorie diet specifically for the purpose of reducing the resident’s weight, and such diet has been
approved by the resident’s attending physician.
3. Document identified changes in resident status.
4. Assess the appropriateness of each resident’s plan of care. Any decline in resident status
requires immediate implementation and documentation of interventions or reassessment of existing interventions.
(c) Observation. Each assisted living facility shall provide general observation and health supervision of
the residents to identify changes in all residents’ health conditions and physical abilities, and awareness of the
need for medical attention or nursing services as the changes develop. Whenever a resident requires medical
attention, nursing services, or changes in personal care and assistance with activities of daily living provided by
the facility, the facility shall arrange for or assist the residents in obtaining necessary services.
(d) Services Beyond Capability of Assisted Living Facility. Whenever a resident requires
hospitalization, medical, nursing, or other care beyond the capabilities and facilities of the assisted living
facility, arrangements shall be made to discharge the resident to an appropriate setting, or to transfer the
resident promptly to a hospital or other health care facility able to provide the appropriate level of care.
(e) Care During Emergency or Illness. The resident’s attending physician, or a backup physician, if
the attending physician is unavailable, shall be promptly called at the onset of an illness or in case of an accident
or injury to a resident. In case of a medical emergency that could result in death, serious medical impairment, or
disability to a resident, the local EMS system shall be activated by calling 911 or other emergency local telephone
(f) All assisted living facilities shall maintain the following telephone numbers, properly
identified, and posted in a prominent location readily accessible and known to all staff members:
1. Each resident’s attending physician, and the facility’s backup physician or physicians.
2. 911, or the local emergency telephone number if the community is not served by a 911 telephone service.
(g) Mechanical Restraint and Seclusion. No form of physical restraint or seclusion shall be applied to
residents of an assisted living facility except in extreme emergency situations when the resident presents a danger of
harm to himself or herself or to other residents. In such an event, the facility shall use the least restrictive
intervention that will be effective to protect residents, immediately notify the resident’s physician and sponsor,
and appropriate treatment, transfer to an appropriate health care facility, or both shall be provided without any
avoidable delay. In no event shall emergency behavioral symptoms of residents be treated with sedative medications,
anti-psychotic medications, anti-anxiety medications, or other psychoactive medications in an assisted living
(h) Resident Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation. Each facility shall develop and implement a policy and
procedure to protect each resident of the facility from abuse, neglect, and exploitation. The facility shall ensure
that all staff can demonstrate an understanding of what constitutes abuse, neglect, and exploitation, and shall
ensure that all staff understands his or her responsibility to immediately report suspected, alleged, confessed,
witnessed, or actual incidents of abuse, neglect, or exploitation of a resident to the administrator. When
abuse, neglect, or exploitation is suspected, alleged, confessed, witnessed, or actual the facility shall conduct
and document a thorough investigation and take appropriate action to prevent further abuse. All allegations,
suspicions, confessions, witnessed, or actual incidents shall be reported to the Assisted Living Unit of the
Alabama Department of Public Health and to the victim’s sponsor or responsible family member within 24 hours.
Suspected, alleged, confessed, witnessed, or actual abuse, neglect, or exploitation of a resident shall be reported to
the Department of Human Resources or law enforcement in accordance with Code of Ala. 1975, Section 38-9-8. At any time that a resident has been the victim of sexual assault or sexual abuse perpetrated by a staff member or visitor, local law enforcement authorities shall be immediately notified.
(i) Laboratory Tests. Any facility conducting or offering laboratory tests for its residents, including
routine blood glucose monitoring, shall comply with federal law, and specifically with the applicable requirements of
the federal Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA) as well as with applicable federal regulations. This
requirement in some cases would require the facility to obtain a CLIA certificate, and in other cases would require
the facility to obtain a CLIA waiver. For more information about CLIA requirements, a facility may contact the
Department, Bureau of Health Provider Standards. For testing or monitoring requiring blood, either the resident
must draw his or her own blood or the blood must be drawn by a physician, an RN or LPN, or a phlebotomist from a
licensed Independent Clinical Laboratory. Blood and blood products, needles, sharps, and other paraphernalia involved in collecting blood must be handled in a manner consistent with requirements of the federal occupational safety and health administration (OSHA). Personnel handling such materials must be vaccinated against blood borne diseases if such vaccinations are required by OSHA. Blood, blood products, needles, sharps, and other paraphernalia involved in collecting blood shall be treated as medical waste and shall be disposed of in a manner compliant with the requirements of the State of Alabama Department of Environmental Management.
(4) Personal Care and Services.
The facility shall provide care and services consistent with community standards.
(a) Portions of residents’ records necessary for staff to provide care, including the plans of care and
relevant portions of the medical examination records and admission records, shall be accessible to the direct care
staff at all times.
(b) Plan of Care. There shall be a written plan of care developed for each resident prior to or at the time
of admission. The plan of care shall be based on the initial medical examination, diagnoses, and recommendations
of the resident’s treating physician. The plan of care shall be reviewed and updated based on the annual
examination, and all other physician examinations, diagnoses, and recommendations of the resident’s treating
physician, and the resident’s monthly assessments. The plan of care shall be developed and updated in cooperation with the resident and, if appropriate, the sponsor. All entries on the plan of care shall be accurately dated.
1. The plan shall at all times reflect the current condition of the resident and document the personal
care and services required from the facility by the resident. In addition to other items that may be required
by the facility’s own policies and procedures, the plan of care shall contain the following:
2. A listing of the resident’s individual needs or problems that require intervention by the facility.
3. A listing of interventions provided by the facility to address the resident’s identified needs or
4. A copy of any outside provider’s certification and plan of care, such as the current Home Health Certification and Plan of Care for each resident receiving care from an outside provider.
5. Activities of Daily Living. Residents of assisted living facilities shall be assisted and encouraged
to maintain a clean, well-kept personal appearance. Each facility shall provide all needed assistance with
activities of daily living to each resident.
(i) Bathing. Residents shall be offered a bath or partial bath or shall be assisted with a bath or partial
bath daily, and more often when necessary or requested.
(ii) Oral Hygiene. Residents shall be assisted with oral hygiene to keep mouth, teeth, or dentures clean.
Measures shall be used to prevent dry, cracked lips.
(iii) Hair. Resident’s hair shall be kept clean, neat, and well groomed.
(iv) Manicure. Fingernails and toenails shall be kept clean and trimmed.
(v) Shaving. Men shall be assisted with shaving or shaved as necessary to keep them clean and well groomed.
(vi) Personal Safety. Residents shall be provided assistance with personal safety.
6. As changes in medication and personal services become necessary, the plan of care shall be
promptly updated and all changes shall be documented.
(c) The facility shall offer appropriate activity programs to each resident, maintaining supplies and equipment as necessary to implement the activity programs. Every day the facility shall provide activities appropriate to each resident.
(d) Pets residing at the facility or used in activity programs shall be in good health and shall have
current vaccinations as required by law. Vaccination certificates, or copies of vaccination certificates, shall
be kept on file at the facility to demonstrate compliance with this requirement.
(e) Mail, Telegrams, and Other Communications.
1. Incoming mail, telegrams, and other written communications addressed to the resident shall be delivered
to the resident unopened. Outgoing mail shall be promptly delivered to regular postal channels upon receipt from the resident. Residents shall be permitted to place and receive telephone calls at the facility in complete privacy.
2. Personnel of the facility shall assist residents with communications, such as writing letters or
assisting with writing letters, or reading mail out loud if requested to do so.
(f) Appointments. Residents shall be assisted in making and keeping appointments.
(a) Medications as defined in these rules, may be administered to a resident of an assisted living
facility only after the drugs have been prescribed specifically for the resident by an individual currently
licensed to prescribe medications in Alabama. A currently licensed physician in good standing with the Medical
Licensure Commission of any state may prescribe medications to a resident of an assisted living facility only during
the initial physical examination.
(b) A physician order is required for a resident to manage and have custody of his or her own medications.
(c) A resident may have custody of and manage over the counter topical medications with the written
approval of a physician. A physician order is not required for over the counter topical medications that are self administered by residents and approved by the physician for
(d) Nothing in these rules shall preclude a facility from using a licensed nurse employed by the
facility or nursing agency to administer medication to any resident. An RN or LPN shall administer medications to
residents in the assisted living facility only in accordance with physician orders and the Nurse Practice Act.
(e) A resident who is incapable of recognizing his or her name, or understanding the facility unit dose
medication system, or does not have the ability to protect himself or herself from a medication error shall require
medication administration. Medication administration shall be provided only by a physician or by an RN or LPN. If the resident cannot understand or be trained to understand the unit dose medication system used by the facility or cannot protect himself or herself from medication errors by facility staff, the resident will be appropriately
(f) A resident may self-manage his or her medications. For the purposes of these rules, self-manage
shall mean the resident is capable of maintaining possession and control of his or her medications, who does
maintain possession and control of his or her medications, and self-administers his or her medications without
creating an unreasonable risk to health and safety.
(g) A resident that cannot self-manage his or her own medication without creating an unreasonable risk to
health and safety may be assisted with self-administration of medication by any assisted living facility staff,
including staff members who hold no professional licensure
1. The resident can and does identify his or her name on the medication package and has a reasonable
understanding of the unit dose packaging system in use by the facility such that the resident could protect himself
or herself from medication errors when unit dose packages are brought to the resident by facility staff. The resident
shall have the opportunity to demonstrate his or her ability to correctly utilize the unit dose package system
at every opportunity for medication use.
(6) Assistance with self-administration of medication includes the following practices:
(a) Reminding a resident that it is time to take a medication or medications, where such medications have
been prescribed for a specific time of day, a specific number of times per day, specific intervals of time, or for
a specific time in relation to mealtimes or other activities such as arising from bed or retiring to bed.
(b) Physically assisting a resident by opening or helping to open a container holding medications.
(c) Offering liquids to a resident to assist that resident in ingesting oral medications.
(d) Physically bringing a container of medication to a resident.
(7) Assistance with self-administration of medications shall under no circumstances include any of the following practices:
(a) Medication administration as defined in these rules.
(b) Determining the amount of medication to be given. If a medication is not available in unit dose
packaging, unlicensed facility staff may measure the prescribed amount of medication only under the direction and control of the resident, provided that the resident is capable of determining the amount of medication to be given.
(c) Giving a resident injections of any kind.
(d) Telling or reminding a resident that it is time to take a PRN, or as needed medication.
(e) Placing medications in a feeding tube.
(f) Giving enemas or suppositories.
(g) Crushing or splitting medications, provided that a physician has ordered a specific medication to be
crushed or split and the resident is capable of self managing his or her own medication or the resident is
capable of medication self-administration with assistance and would be capable of crushing or splitting his or her
own medications but for limitations of mobility or dexterity, may be assisted with crushing or splitting
medications by unlicensed staff so long as the assistance provided is under the total control and direction of the
resident. If the facility chooses to offer this assistance, the facility shall develop and implement a policy and
procedure to ensure safe practices by facility staff.
(h) Mixing medications with food or liquids, provided that a physician has ordered a medication to be
mixed with food or liquid and the resident is capable of self-managing his or her own medications or the resident is
capable of medication self-administration with assistanceand would be capable of mixing his or her own medications
with food or liquid but for limitations of mobility or dexterity, may be assisted with mixing medications with
food or liquid by unlicensed staff so long as the assistance provided is under the total control and
direction of the resident. If the facility chooses to offer this assistance, the facility shall develop and implement a
policy and procedure to ensure safe practices by facility staff.
(i) Assisting with self-administration of eye drops, eardrops, nose drops, inhalers, nebulizers, or
topical medications, provided that a resident who is capable of self-managing his or her own medication or a
resident who is capable of medication self-administration with assistance and who would be capable of self administration of his or her own medications but for limitations of mobility or dexterity, may be assisted with
eye drops, ear drops, nose drops, inhalers, nebulizers, or topical medications by unlicensed facility staff so long as
the assistance provided is under the total control and direction of the resident. If the facility chooses to offer
this assistance, the facility shall develop and implement a policy and procedure to ensure safe practices by facility
(j) All medications administered to residents and all medications self-administered with assistance of
facility staff in an assisted living facility shall be contemporaneously recorded on a standard medication
administration or medication assistance record. “Contemporaneously recorded” means recorded at the same
time or immediately after medications are administered. The medication administration or medication assistance record shall include at least the following:
1. The name of the resident to whom the medication was administered or assisted.
2. The name of the medication administered or assisted.
3. The dosage of the medication administered or assisted.
4. The method of administration or assistance.
5. The site of injection or application, if the
medication was injected or applied.
6. The date and time of the medication administration or assistance.
7. Any adverse reaction to the medication.
8. The printed name, initials, and written
signature of the individual administering the medication or assisting the resident with self-administration of the
(k) Medications kept under the control or custody of an assisted living facility shall be packaged by the pharmacy and shall be maintained by the facility in unit dose packaging. Medications kept under the control or
custody of an assisted living facility that are not available in unit dose packaging must be packaged by the
pharmacy and administered by a physician, RN, or LPN or self-administered with assistance under the total control
and direction of the resident.
(l) Unless a resident can and does self-manage his or her own medications, an assisted living facility
shall require each resident to use a single pharmacy. This does not apply to emergency pharmacy services. All
residents need not use the same pharmacy that is used by other residents unless express policy of the assisted
living facility provides otherwise and all residents are informed of such policy and provided a copy of such policy
prior to or at the time of admission. The assisted living facility shall require pharmacies used for medication
supply for residents not self-managing their medications to review all ordered medication regimens for possible errors or adverse drug interactions and to advise the facility and the prescribing health care provider when these are
(m) If controlled substances prescribed for residents of any assisted living facility are kept in the
custody of the assisted living facility, they shall be stored in a manner that is compliant with state and federal
laws, the requirements of the Alabama State Board of Pharmacy, and any requirements prescribed by the State
Board of Health. At a minimum, controlled substances in the custody of the facility shall be stored using a double lock system, under proper temperature and humidity controls and permit only authorized personnel access. The facility shall maintain a system to account for all controlled substances in its possession. All other medications in the custody of the facility shall be stored using at least a single lock, under proper temperature and humidity controls and permit only authorized personnel access. This shall include
medications stored in a resident’s room when the staff and not the resident have access to the medications.
Medications may be kept in the custody of an individual resident who can safely manage his or her medications. Such medications may be stored in a locked container accessible only to the resident and staff, or may be stored and
secured in the resident’s living quarters, if the room is single occupancy and has a locking entrance.
(n) Medication administration or medication assistance records and written physician orders for all over-the-counter drugs, legend drugs, and controlled substances shall be retained for a period of not less than three years. They shall be made available for inspection at reasonable times by residents, anyone authorized by the
resident, and by the sponsors of residents.
(o) Labeling of Drugs and Medicines. All containers of prescribed medicines and drugs shall be
labeled in accordance with the rules of the Alabama State Board of Pharmacy and shall include appropriate cautionary labels, such as, “Shake Well,” or “For External Use Only.”
(8) Disposal of Medications.
1. Controlled substances and legend drugs dispensed to residents, that are expired or unused because
the medication is discontinued or because the resident dies, shall be destroyed within 30 days. Unused legend
drugs that are not expired may be donated to a charitable clinic pursuant to Alabama Administrative Code, Chapter
420-11-11. Under no circumstances should expired, discontinued, or unused medications be stored or housed in
the facility beyond 30 days.
2. Medications of residents who are discharged or transferred to another facility shall be returned to the
residents. The responsible party will sign a statement that these medications have been received. The statement shall
list the pharmacy, prescription number, date, resident’s name and strength of the medication, and the amount. This
statement shall be maintained in a file for at least three years.
3. When medications are destroyed on the premises of the assisted living facility, a record shall be
made and retained for at least 3 years. This record shall include: the name of the assisted living facility, the
method of disposal, the pharmacy, the prescription number, the name of the resident, the name, strength, and dosage of the medication, and the amount and the reason for the disposal. This record shall be signed and dated by the individual performing the destruction and by at least one witness.
(9) Oxygen Therapy.
(a) A resident of an assisted living facility that requires oxygen therapy shall self-manage his or her
own oxygen therapy or self-administer his or her own oxygen therapy with assistance of facility staff. A resident that
cannot safely self-manage or self-administer his or her own oxygen therapy with assistance shall have oxygen
administered only by a physician, RN, or LPN. A resident that cannot direct his or her administration of oxygen and
cannot be taught to direct his or her administration of oxygen shall be appropriately discharged.
(b) Oxygen use including date, time, rate, and proper function of the equipment shall be documented on the
medication administration or medication assistance record at least once per shift unless oxygen therapy is self managed by the resident.
(c) If a resident receives oxygen therapy in a facility:
1. All oxygen equipment, such as tubing, masks, and nasal cannula shall be maintained in a safe and
2. All oxygen tanks shall be safely maintained and stored.
3. The facility shall require safe use of oxygen therapy. No smoking and appropriate precautionary
signs shall be posted.
4. The facility shall ensure that each resident using oxygen therapy maintains an adequate supply of
oxygen. Refer to National Fire Protection Association(NFPA) 99 for oxygen storage requirements.
(10) Storage of Medical Supplies.
(a) First Aid Supplies. First aid supplies shall be maintained in a place readily accessible to persons
providing personal care and services in the assisted living facility. These supplies shall be inspected at least
annually to ensure their usability.
(11) Admission and Retention of Residents.
Residents admitted to and retained in assisted living facilities must meet all eligibility and continued stay
requirements specified in these rules.
1. An assisted living facility shall not admit any individual who:
(i) Is receiving or requires skilled nursing care.
(ii) Has a wound that requires care beyond basic first aid.
(iii) Lacks the ability to make decisions related to personal safety.
(iv) Cannot direct his or her care.
(v) Has behaviors that may be dangerous to themselves or others.
(vi) Cannot safely self-manage medications or self-administer medications with assistance.
(vii) Is receiving or in need of hospice services.
(viii) Cannot safely reside in the facility unless his or her egress from the facility is restricted.
(ix) Is diagnosed with acute infectious pulmonary disease, such as influenza, or active tuberculosis, or with
other diseases capable of transmission to other individuals through normal person-to-person contact.
1. An assisted living facility shall not allow any resident to return to the assisted living facility from
a higher level of care if that resident requires care that exceeds the level of care the facility is licensed to
provide or the facility is capable of providing.
2. An assisted living facility shall not retain a resident that has symptoms or behaviors that infringe on
the rights or safety of residents currently in the facility.
3. Residents who have unmanageable behaviors or
behaviors that may be dangerous to themselves or others shall not be retained in an assisted living facility.
4. An assisted living facility shall not retain a resident who requires medical or skilled nursing care
which is expected to exceed 90 days unless:
(i) The individual is capable of performing and does perform all tasks related to his or her own care; OR
(ii) The individual is incapable of performing some or all tasks related to his or her own care due to
limitations of mobility or dexterity BUT the individual has sufficient cognitive ability to direct his or her own care
AND the individual is able to direct others and does direct others to provide the physical assistance needed to
complete such tasks, AND the facility staff is capable of providing such assistance and does provide such assistance. If the facility chooses to offer this assistance, the facility shall develop and implement a policy and procedure
to ensure safe practices by facility staff.
5. If a resident of an assisted living facility is diagnosed with a terminal illness other than dementia
and requires hospice care, the resident may be admitted to a properly licensed and certified hospice program. A
resident receiving hospice care may remain in the facility beyond 90 days. If the facility is unable or becomes unable
to meet the needs of a resident receiving hospice care, or if a resident receiving hospice care requires care beyond
what the facility may lawfully provide pursuant to this section, then the facility shall promptly make arrangements
to discharge or transfer the resident to a safe and appropriate placement in accordance with the discharge
procedures and prearranged plan required by these rules for assisted living facilities.
The facility would in all cases remain responsible for ensuring the appropriate delivery of care and must take all
necessary steps to ensure that care needed by a resident is delivered to the resident.
6. All skilled services provided in the facility, such as but not limited to wound care or insertion of a urinary catheter, shall be provided by the staff of properly licensed or certified agencies. Skilled
services shall not be delegated to facility staff.
7. Residents that develop acute infectious pulmonary disease, such as active tuberculosis, or other
diseases capable of transmission to other individuals through normal person-to-person contact shall be
immediately transferred to an appropriate level of care until certified by a physician to be free of a contagious
8. No assisted living facility shall be operated in whole or in part in a manner that prevents free
and unhindered egress from the facility by any of its residents.
9. An assisted living facility shall not retain any resident who cannot safely reside in the facility
unless his or her egress from the facility is restricted.
(12) Resident Transport.
If a resident is unable to ride in an upright position or if such resident’s
condition is such that he or she needs observation or treatment by EMSP, or if the resident requires
transportation on a stretcher, gurney, or cot, the facility shall arrange or request transportation services only from
providers who are ambulance service operators licensed by the State Board of Health. If such resident is being
transported to or from a health care facility in another state, transportation services may be arranged with a
transport provider licensed as an ambulance service operator in that state. For the purposes of this rule, an
upright position means no more than 20 degrees from vertical.