19 CSR 30-90.070 Fire Safety and Facility Physical Requirements


PURPOSE: This rule establishes the minimum physical and maintenance requirements for facilities in which adult day care programs are operated.


  • Facility Physical
    • The adult day care program building shall be safe and suitable for participants. The building in which the program is located shall be clean, of sound construction and maintained in good
    • Minimum space requirements shall be eighty (80) square feet per participant, for up to twenty (20) participants and an additional fifty (50) square feet per each additional participant. Space requirements do not include office space, bathrooms, storage, examining rooms or dining rooms, unless the latter is also used for activities. For associated adult day care programs, the required space shall be designated and in excess of the particular facility’s required licensed space for providing long-term care or medical care. For adult day health care programs, the required space, regardless of the number of participants, shall not be less than three hundred twenty (320) square feet of
    • The facility shall have a room of sufficient size to meet the needs of the participants based on minimum standards where all of the participants can gather as well as rooms or divided areas for small group activities, including a quiet area for rest, which contains at least one (1) bed for temporary use by participants when
    • Furniture shall be of a size and design so that it is easily used by persons with limited agility. It shall be sturdy and secure so that it cannot easily tip when used for support while walking or sitting. At a minimum, the following shall be provided:
      1. One (1) chair for each participant and staff person;
      2. Table space adequate for all participants to be served a meal at a table at the same time;
      3. Reclining lounge chairs or other sturdy comfortable furniture, the number to be determined by the needs of the participants; and
      4. At least one (1) bed with adequate privacy in a quiet area to be available for temporary use by participants as needed.
  • Equipment and supplies shall be adequate to meet the needs of participants including items necessary for personal care and materials to encourage activities among participants. The activity materials shall be geared to the interests and backgrounds of the
  • Ventilation by natural or mechanical means shall be provided. All screen doors shall be equipped with self- closing devices and shall fit tightly. Doors and windows and other openings to the outside shall be screened when necessary to prevent entrance of insects and
  • The heating system for adult day care facilities initially licensed prior to December 1, 2004 shall be in compliance with the applicable provisions of the 2000 Life Safety Code for existing occupancies (NFPA 101), incorporated by reference in this rule, as published by the National Fire Protection Agency, 1 Batterymarch Park, PO Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101 and all state and local codes. This rule does not incorporate any subsequent amendments or additions. Heating systems for adult day care facilities initially licensed on or after December 1, 2004 shall be in compliance with the applicable provisions of the 2000 Life Safety Code for New Day Care Occupancies, incorporated by reference in this rule, as published by the National Fire Protection Agency, 1 Batterymarch Park, PO Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269- 9101 and all state and local codes. This rule does not incorporate any subsequent amendments or additions. Exposed heating pipes, hot water pipes or radiators in rooms and areas used by participants shall be covered or protected, and insulated when appropriate. Portable space heaters shall not be used. Room temperatures shall be maintained between sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit (68°F) and eighty-five degrees Fahrenheit (85°F) in all seasons. The reasonable comfort needs of individual participants shall be
  • Illumination shall be adequate in all areas and commensurate with the type of activity. Glare shall be kept at a minimum by providing window coverings at all windows exposed to direct sunlight and using shaded light fixtures.
  • All plumbing and plumbing fixtures shall conform to applicable local codes. There shall be no cross-connection between the potable water supply and any source of pollution through which the potable water supply might become
  • An adequate supply of water, the source of which is approved by the state water control authority, under sufficient pressure to properly serve the facility shall be provided. The potable water system shall be installed to preclude the possibility of
  • Drinking water shall be easily accessible to the participants and provided by either an angle jet drinking fountain with mouth guard or by a running water supply with individual service drinking cups. Drinking facilities shall not be located in a toilet
  • At least one (1) toilet and handwashing sink shall be provided for each ten (10) participants or any additional fraction thereof. The handwashing sink shall be in close proximity to each toilet and shall have hot and cold running water. The water temperature shall be maintained between one hundred degrees Fahrenheit (100°F) and one hundred fifteen degrees Fahrenheit (115°F). The toilet room shall be within easy access of the activity areas and afford the participants privacy. Each toilet room shall be equipped with approved natural or mechanical ventilation. All toilets shall have grab-rails. Individual paper towels, a trash receptacle, soap and toilet paper shall be provided at all times and shall be within reach of the
  • If persons using wheelchairs or persons with other physical disabilities are accepted, or the building in which the facility is located is otherwise required to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the facility shall have ramps or other means of accessibility to the adult day care facility for persons with disabilities, and shall meet the standards of the ADA Standards for Accessible Design which        are                       available              at usdoj.gov/crt/ada/adastd94.pdf.
  • Stairways and hallways shall be kept free of obstructions and shall be well lighted. All stairways and ramps shall have nonslip surface or treads. All inside and outside stairs and ramps shall have
  • All rugs and floor coverings shall be secured to the floor. Throw rugs shall not be used. All equipment and furnishings shall be safe and maintained in good
  • The adult day care program shall provide necessary services to maintain the building or portion of the building in which the adult day care program is located in good repair and in a safe, clean, orderly and sanitary
  • Drugs, cleaning agents, pesticides and poisonous products shall be stored apart from food, out of the reach of the participants, and shall be used in a manner which assures the safety of participants and
  • Wastebaskets and trash containers shall be made of noncombustible or fire-resistant material. Garbage and other waste shall be stored and disposed of in an appropriate
  • The facility shall be maintained free of insects and rodents. Control measures shall be implemented to prevent rodent and insect
  • Fire Safety
  • Adult day care programs shall obtain annual written approval from the appropriate local fire safety officials, certifying that the facility complies with local fire codes. If there are no applicable codes, or if the department or division determines that such codes are not adequate, the department or division shall determine the adequacy of the means of egress and other measures for life safety from fire in accordance with the provisions of the Life Safety Code (NFPA 101), in order to ensure the safety of frail persons or persons with disabilities. All adult day care programs initially licensed prior to December 1, 2004 shall comply with the provisions of the 2000 Life Safety Code for existing occupancies (NFPA 101), incorporated by reference in this rule. Adult day care programs licensed on or after December 1, 2004 shall comply with the provisions of the 2000 Life Safety Code for New Day Care Occupancies (NFPA 101).
  • The facility shall have a minimum of two (2) exits remote from each other. Exits shall be clearly marked with exit signs and shall provide egress at ground
  • Each adult day care provider shall locate, install and maintain in operable condition an adequate number of smoke detectors and fire extinguishers of the appropriate type as determined in consultation with the local fire authorities or the division. Fire extinguishers shall comply with the requirements of the 1998 Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers (NFPA 10), incorporated by reference in this
  • A written plan for assuring the safety of participants, staff and volunteers in case of fire or other disaster shall be developed in consultation with state or local fire authorities and shall include, at a minimum, the following:
    1. A written assessment of potential fire or safety hazards present on the premises and actions and procedures to follow to minimize potential danger;
    2. A written schedule for periodic checks for battery strength of smoke detectors and adequate pressure of fire extinguishers;
    3. A written training plan and schedule for staff and volunteers on safety responsibilities and actions to be taken if an emergency situation occurs and documentation of the type of training provided; and
    4. A written plan for conducting fire drills and other emergency preparedness procedures, including staff responsibilities and assignments to ensure orderly evacuations and participants’
  • Fire drills shall be coordinated with local fire safety authorities and conducted at least one (1) time per month and with sufficient frequency to familiarize staff and participants with the proper evacuation procedures. Drills may be held at unexpected times and under varying conditions to simulate the unusual conditions that occur in the case of fire. The actual evacuation of participants and staff is not necessary providing everyone involved is able to carry out actual evacuation procedures if required. Fire drills shall include suitable procedures to ensure that all affected persons actually participate in the drill


  • The program director or other staff qualified to exercise leadership shall be responsible for planning and conducting fire drills and other emergency preparedness procedures. The program director shall ensure that staff are assigned to assist participants with disabilities or other special needs to ensure the health and safety of participants when implementing the fire and emergency preparedness procedures in evacuating the facility, or complying with written plan