Having a process in place for reviewing the medication residents in your facility are being prescribed has been shown to reduce drug-related problems by cutting down on inappropriate medication, inappropriate dosages, and adverse drug-to-drug reactions. By effectively reviewing a resident’s medication regiment you may be able to reduce hospitalizations and mortality by identifying issues before they arise. For more information on the Virginia DOSS regulation check out the following:
22VAC40-73-690. Medication review.
- For each resident assessed for residential living care, except for those who self-administer all their medications, a licensed health care professional, practicing within the scope of his profession, shall perform an annual review of all the medications of the resident.
- For each resident assessed for assisted living care, except for those who self-administer all of their medications, a licensed health care professional, practicing within the scope of his profession, shall perform a review every six months of all the medications of the resident.
- The medication review shall include prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and dietary supplements ordered for the resident.
- If deemed appropriate by the licensed health care professional, the review shall include observation of the resident or interview with the resident or staff.
- The review shall include the following:
- All medications that the resident is taking and medications that he could be taking if needed (PRNs).
- An examination of the dosage, strength, route, how often, prescribed duration, and when the medication is taken.
- Documentation of actual and consideration of potential interactions of drugs with one another.
- Documentation of actual and consideration of potential interactions of drugs with foods or drinks.
- Documentation of actual and consideration of potential negative effects of drugs resulting from a resident’s medical condition other than the one the drug is treating.
- Consideration of whether PRNs, if any, are still needed and if clarification regarding use is necessary.
- Consideration of a gradual dose reduction of antipsychotic medications for those residents with a diagnosis of dementia and no diagnoses of a primary psychiatric disorder.
- Consideration of whether the resident needs additional monitoring or testing.
- Documentation of actual and consideration of potential adverse effects or unwanted side effects of specific medications.
- Identification of that which may be questionable, such as (i) similar medications being taken, (ii) different medications being used to treat the same condition, (iii) what seems an excessive number of medications, and (iv) what seems an exceptionally high drug dosage.
- The health care professional shall notify the resident’s attending physician of any concerns or problems and document the notification.
- The licensed health care professional shall certify that the requirements of subdivisions E 1 through E 11 of this section were met, including the dates of the medication review. The administrator shall be advised of the findings of the medication review and any recommendations. All of the requirements of this subdivision shall be (i) in writing, (ii) signed and dated by the health care professional, (iii) provided to the administrator within 10 days of the completion of the review, and (iv) maintained in the facility files for at least two years, with any specific recommendations regarding a particular resident also maintained in the resident’s record.
- Action taken in response to the recommendations noted in subsection F of this section shall be documented in the resident’s record.