DHS 83.43 Furnishings and equipment.
1) ENVIRONMENT. The CBRF shall provide a living environment that is
safe, clean, comfortable, and homelike. All common dining and
living areas shall contain furnishings appropriate to the intended
use of the room.
(2) BEDROOM FURNISHINGS. If a resident does not provide the
resident’s own bedroom furnishings, the CBRF shall provide all
of the following:
(a) A bed of proper size to ensure the resident’s comfort.
(b) A clean, comfortable mattress covered with a mattress pad
and when necessary, waterproof covering.
(c) A clean, comfortable pillow, bedspread and blankets adequate for the season.
(d) Clean sheets, pillowcases, towels and washcloths adequate
to meet the needs of the resident.
Laundry area. The CBRF shall make an adequate number of laundry appliances available to residents who choose to do their own
laundry. The CBRF shall have a laundry area to sort, process and
store clean and soiled laundry and shall handle clean and soiled
laundry so as to prevent the spread of infection.
(b) Storage and transport. The CBRF shall have separate
clean and dirty laundry storage areas or containers. Storage containers shall be clean, leak−proof and have a tight fitting lid. The
CBRF may not transport, wash or rinse soiled laundry in areas
used for food preparation, serving or storage.
(c) Clothes dryers. The CBRF shall enclose any clothes dryer
having a rated capacity of more than 37,000 Btu/hour in a one−
hour fire resistive rated enclosure. If the clothes dryer requires a
vent, the CBRF shall use dryer vent tubing that is of rigid material
with a fire rating that exceeds the temperature rating of the dryer.
The dryer vent tubing shall be clean and maintained.
(2) CLEANLINESS. (a) The CBRF shall keep all rooms clean
and shall make reasonable attempts to keep all rooms free from odors.
(b) All toilet and bathing areas, facilities and fixtures shall be
clean and in good working order.
(c) Every interior floor, wall and ceiling shall be clean and in
(1) MAINTENANCE. (a) Exterior areas. The CBRF shall maintain
the yard, any fences, sidewalks, driveways and parking areas of
the CBRF in good repair and free of hazards.
(b) Building integrity. The CBRF shall be structurally sound
without visible evidence of structural failure or deterioration and
shall be maintained in good repair.
(c) Surface drainage. The CBRF shall ensure that each courtyard, yard or other area on the premises of the CBRF is drained
or graded to divert water away from the building.
(d) Hazards. The CBRF shall maintain each building in good
repair and free of hazards.
(e) Systems. The CBRF shall maintain all electrical, mechanical, water supply, plumbing, fire protection and sewage disposal
systems in a safe and functioning condition.
(f) Furnishings. The CBRF shall keep all furnishings clean,
safe, and maintained in good repair.
(2) STORAGE. The CBRF shall maintain storage areas in a safe,
dry and orderly condition.
(3) TOXIC SUBSTANCES. The CBRF shall ensure that cleaning
compounds, polishes, insecticides and toxic substances are
labeled and stored in a secure area.
(4) PEST CONTROL. The CBRF shall implement safe, effective
procedures for control and extermination of insects, rodents and
(5) GARBAGE AND REFUSE. The CBRF shall dispose of garbage
and refuse. Garbage and refuse in inside areas shall be kept in
leak−proof, non−absorbent closed containers. Garbage and
refuse in outside areas shall be in closed containers.
History: CR 07−095: cr. Register January 2009 No. 637, eff. 4−1−09.
DHS 83.46 Building support systems. (1) HEATING.
(a) A CBRF shall maintain comfortable and safe temperatures.
The CBRF shall provide tempered air at all times to eliminate cold
air drafts. The heating system shall be capable of maintaining
temperatures of 74º F. in areas occupied by residents.
(b) The use of portable space heaters is prohibited except for
Underwriters Laboratories listed electric heating equipment that
is listed for permanent attachment to the wall. Portable space
heaters shall have an automatic thermostatic control and shall be
physically attached to a wall.
(c) The CBRF shall maintain the heating system in a safe and
properly functioning condition. The CBRF shall ensure that a
heating contractor or local utility company completes all of the
following maintenance and makes available to the facility documentation of the maintenance performed:
1. An oil furnace shall be serviced at least once each year.
2. A gas furnace shall be serviced at least once every 3 years.
3. The CBRF shall have a chimney inspected at intervals corresponding with the heating system service under subd. 1. or 2.
(d) The CBRF may not use a fuel−fired heater on the premises
of the CBRF unless the heater is properly vented to the outside.
(e) Any wood burning stove or fireplace shall have a flue separate from the flue used by a gas or oil fired furnace or boiler. The
entire installation shall meet the requirements in NFPA 211. The
CBRF shall have the wood burning or fireplace flue cleaned as
often as necessary, but at least 2 times during each heating season.
The CBRF shall make available documentation of the maintenance performed.
(f) Combustible materials shall not be placed within 3 feet of
any furnace, boiler, water heater, fireplace or other similar equipment.
(g) The CBRF shall enclose any other open flame combustible
fuel−burning device within a one hour fire rated assembly when
sharing a common floor with a habitable room. A direct−vent
appliance is exempt from this requirement.
(2) VENTILATION. (a) All rooms and areas shall be well ventilated. Ventilation is not required in a refrigerated storage room.
(b) A CBRF may not have transoms, transfer grills or louvers
in bedroom walls or doors opening directly to a corridor.
Agenda Item X.A – WI Chapter DHS 83 Regulations
165 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES DHS 83.47
Published under s. 35.93, Wis. Stats., by the Legislative Reference Bureau.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page
is the date the chapter was last published. Register December 2011 No. 672
(3) PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY. The CBRF shall use a public water
supply when available. If a public water supply is not available,
the CBRF shall have a well that is approved by the state department of natural resources. The CBRF shall have the well water
tested at least annually by the state laboratory of hygiene or other
laboratory approved under ch. NR 149. The CBRF shall maintain
documentation of annual testing results.
(4) ELECTRICAL. (a) Installation and maintenance. The
CBRF shall be supplied with electrical service, wiring, outlets and
fixtures, which shall be properly installed and maintained in good
and safe working condition.
(b) Service size. The electrical service shall be of the proper
size to handle the connected load.
(c) Protection. 1. ‘Fuses and circuit breakers.’ Tamper−proof
fuses or circuit breakers not to exceed the ampere capacity of the
smallest wire size in the circuit shall protect the branch circuits.
2. ‘Ground fault interruption.’ Ground fault interrupt protection shall be required for all outlets within 6 feet of a plumbing fixture, all outlets on the exterior of the CBRF and in the garage.
(d) Minimum number of fixtures and outlets. The CBRF shall
have all of the following minimum number of fixtures and outlets:
1. ‘Light fixtures.’ Every resident bedroom, bathroom,
kitchen or kitchenette, dining room, laundry room and furnace
room shall contain at least one approved or listed ceiling or wall−
type electric light fixture equipped with sufficient lamps or tubes
to provide at least 5 foot candles at floor level at the center of
room. Where more than one fixture is used or required, the additional fixture or fixtures shall be equally spaced as far as is practical. A switched outlet may be substituted for a ceiling or wall fixture in resident bedrooms and dining rooms.
2. ‘Minimum outlet ratios.’ Electric duplex outlet receptacles
shall be provided as follows:
a. Living room, dining room and bedroom, one per 75 square
feet of floor area with a minimum of 2.
b. Kitchen, one per 8 lineal feet or fraction thereof, of countertop and preparation area, including island−type areas. In addition,
if a kitchen is used for dining purposes, one per 75 square feet of
floor area. Separate outlets shall be provided for refrigerators.
c. Laundry room, minimum of one.
d. Toilet rooms, one, which may be part of the wall fixture if
72 inches or less from the floor.
e. Other habitable rooms, minimum of 2.
(e) Outlets. Electrical outlets shall be located to limit the use
of extension cords. Extension cords shall not be used in lieu of
(f) Switches. Switches or equivalent devices for turning on at
least one light in each room or passageway shall be located to conveniently control the lighting in the area.
(g) Temporary and exposed wiring. All temporary wiring and
exposed wiring, whether in use or abandoned, shall be removed