Title Medication – Storage and Disposal
Statute or Rule 58A-5.0185(6) FAC
(6) MEDICATION STORAGE AND DISPOSAL.
(a) In order to accommodate the needs and preferences of residents and to encourage residents to remain as independent as possible, residents may keep their medications, both prescription and over-the-counter, in their possession both on or off the facility premises; or in their rooms or apartments, which must be kept locked when residents are absent, unless the medication is in a secure place within the rooms or apartments or in some other secure place that is out of sight of other residents. However, both prescription and over-the-counter medications for residents must be centrally stored if:
1. The facility administers the medication;
2. The resident requests central storage. The facility must maintain a list of all medications being stored pursuant to such a request;
3. The medication is determined and documented by the health care provider to be hazardous if kept in the personal possession of the person for whom it is prescribed;
4. The resident fails to maintain the medication in a safe manner as described in this paragraph;
5. The facility determines that because of physical arrangements and the conditions or habits of residents, the personal possession of medication by a resident poses a safety hazard to other residents; or
6. The facility ‘ s rules and regulations require central storage of medication and that policy has been provided to the resident before admission as required in Rule 58A-5.0181, F.A.C.
(b) Centrally stored medications must be:
1. Kept in a locked cabinet, locked cart, or other locked storage receptacle, room, or area at all times;
2. Located in an area free of dampness and abnormal temperature, except that a medication requiring refrigeration must be refrigerated. Refrigerated medications must be secured by being kept in a locked container within the refrigerator, by keeping the refrigerator locked, or by keeping the area in which refrigerator is located locked;
3. Accessible to staff responsible for filling pill-organizers, assisting with self administration, or administering medication. Such staff must have ready access to keys or codes to the medication storage areas at all times; and
4. Kept separately from the medications of other residents and properly closed or sealed.
(c) Medication that has been discontinued but has not expired must be returned to the resident or the resident ‘ s representative, as appropriate, or may be centrally stored by the facility for future use by the resident at the resident ‘s request. If centrally stored by the facility, the discontinued medication must be stored separately from medication in current use, and the area in which it is stored must be marked ” discontinued medication. ” Such medication may be reused if prescribed by the resident ‘ s health care provider.
(d) When a resident ‘ s stay in the facility has ended, the administrator must return all medications to the resident, the resident ‘ s family, or the resident ‘ s guardian unless otherwise prohibited by law. If, after notification and waiting at least 15 days, the resident ‘ s medications are still at the facility, the medications are considered abandoned and may disposed of in accordance with paragraph (e).
(e) Medications that have been abandoned or have expired must be disposed of within 30 days of being determined abandoned or expired and the disposal must be documented in the resident ‘ s record. The medication may be taken to a pharmacist for disposal or may be destroyed by the administrator or designee with one witness.
(f) Facilities that hold a Special-ALF permit issued by the Board of Pharmacy may return dispensed medicinal drugs to the dispensing pharmacy pursuant to Rule 64B16-28.870, F.A.C.